Flexiblespiral screw pipe tube conveyor is bulk material handling equipment, which usually consists of a tube containing either a spiral blade coiled around a shaft (sometimes called an auger), driven at 1 end and held at the other. The main parts include tube, shaft with spiral blades, inlet and outlet chutes, as well as driving device.
The closed pipe-type screw conveyor is a pipe with a shaft inside with welded screw blades and passive bearing. The screw’s blades have different pitch which depends on the type of the transported raw material and the planned capacity. This type of conveyor is closed, which means that the screw cannot be accessed directly. Due to the closed structure, the transported raw material does not spill outside the machine during transport.
The machine can be equipped with a pull screw. In this version, the drive unit is located in the direction of the raw material feeding. Some screw conveyors are equipped with push screws with gear motor installed on the feeding side. The screw conveyor is fitted with an initial or end bearing. Depending on the type of transported raw material, slide or bearing rests are installed.
Horizontal screw conveyor has the advantages of sealed operation, simple structure. screw conveyor suitable for conveying powdery, granular and small bulk materials horizontally or aslope, such as coal, ash, slag, cement, food, etc. screw conveyor is an new transportation equipment.
Simple structure, good sealing, large capacity, long service life
Convenient installation and maintenance, as well as easy operation.
Working temperature is -20~50ºC, with material temperature below 200 ºC.
Suitable for horizontal and slightly inclined transport of powdery, granular and small lump materials, such as coal, ash, clinker, cement, grain, etc.
Widely used in construction, chemical, power, metallurgy, coal and CZPT industries, etc.
Industrial pipe auger spiral flexible screw elevator/conveyor for sugar, flour, coffee, powder is widely used in chemical, metallurgy, paper making, and construction industries. The equipment is mainly suitable for field flowing work, such as concrete mixing station, bulk material transit storage, etc.
AdvantagePerformance and Features:
It can be sealed to prevent the escape of dust or fumes from inside the conveyor; or prevent dust contamination from outside the conveyor.
It can be used to control the flow of material in processing operations which depend upon accurate batching
It can be utilized in the horizontal, vertical or any inclined position depending upon the characteristics of the product being conveyed.
It can be used as a mixer or agitator to blend dry or fluid ingredients, provide crystallization or coagulant action, or maintain solutions in suspension.
Screw conveyors can have multiple conveyor outlets, making discharge to multiple outlets cost effective.
It can be jacketed to serve as a drier or cooler by running hot or cold water through the jacket.
It can be made out of a variety of materials to resist corrosion, abrasion or heat, depending upon the product being conveyed.
It can be outfitted with multiple inlet and discharge points.
The screw conveyor consists of power device, gear box, coupling, screw axis and hanging bearing. The screw axis is made of several sections which connected with spline. Hence, the conveyor hold large load capacity and convenient to dismounting. It is open a besel on the casing to ensure a safe operation.
The material moves along the spiral within the tube. The unique action of the flexible spiral conveyor eliminates the risk of the product separation that can take place in conventional pneumatic conveying systems where mixed materials have components of different densities and particle size.
Information Needed For The Quotation
Primary considerations for the selection of a screw conveyor are as follow:
Type and condition of the materials to be handled, including maximum particle size, and, if available, the specific bulk density of the material to be conveyed.
Quantity of transported material, expressed in pounds or tons per hour.
The distance for which the material is to be conveyed.
Below is the necessary information for the selection of a screw conveyor system, presented in a series of 5 steps. These steps are arranged in logical order, and are divided into separate sections for simplicity.The 5 steps are:
Establishing the characteristics of the material to be conveyed.
Locating conveyor capacity (conveyor size and speed) on capacity tables.
Selection of conveyor components.
Calculation of required horsepower.
Checking of components torque capacities (including selection of shaft types and sizes)
Routine periodic inspection of the entire conveyor must be established to ensure continuous maximum operating performance. Keep the area around the conveyor and its drive clean and free of obstacles to provide easy access and avoid functional interference of components.
Power Lock Out:
Lock out power to the motor before attempting any maintenance. Use a padlock and tag on the drive’s controls. Do not remove padlock or tag, nor operate conveyor, until all covers and guards are securely in place.
Removing Screw Sections:
Screw sections are typically removed starting with the end opposite the drive when necessary. Remove trough end, screw sections, coupling shafts, and hangers until damaged or worn section is removed. Reassemble conveyor in reverse order.
Periodically remove and inspect 1 of the drive shaft coupling bolts for damage or wear. Also inspect the coupling bolt hole. The drive shaft coupling bolts transmit more power than successive coupling bolts and will typically indicate the greatest wear. An accurate torque wrench should always be used when tightening coupling bolts. Excessive torque will stretch the bolt and significantly compromise its strength.
Lubricate end bearings, hanger bearings and drive components at the frequency and quantity specified by the individual component’s manufacturer. Most types of hanger bearings require lubrication and wear is reduced significantly with a frequent lubrication schedule. Frequency of schedule depends on temperature, type of bearings, type of lubrication, product conveyed, trough load, screw weight, etc.)
Screw Bushings/Internal Collars:
The bushing at each end of a screw will wear over time. When possible, check for excessive shaft movement that indicates bushings need to be replaced. Longer and heavier screws typically have greater bushing wear.
|Screw Rotation Speed
|20, 30, 35, 45, 60,
75, 90, 120, 150, 190
Standard Length Splined Shafts
Standard Length Splined Shafts are made from Mild Steel and are perfect for most repair jobs, custom machinery building, and many other applications. All stock splined shafts are 2-3/4 inches in length, and full splines are available in any length, with additional materials and working lengths available upon request and quotation. CZPT Manufacturing Company is proud to offer these standard length shafts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are splined
There are 2 common disc brake mounting interfaces, splined and center lock. Disc brakes with splined interfaces are more common. They are usually easier to install. The center lock system requires a tool to remove the locking ring on the disc hub. Six-bolt rotors are easier to install and require only 6 bolts. The center lock system is commonly used with performance road bikes.
Post mount disc brakes require a post mount adapter, while flat mount disc brakes do not. Post mount adapters are more common and are used for carbon mountain bikes, while flat mount interfaces are becoming the norm on road and gravel bikes. All disc brake adapters are adjustable for rotor size, though. Road bikes usually use 160mm rotors while mountain bikes use rotors that are 180mm or 200mm.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined
A helical splined disc brake mounting interface is designed with a splined connection between the hub and brake disc. This splined connection allows for a relatively large amount of radial and rotational displacement between the disc and hub. A loosely splined interface can cause a rattling noise due to the movement of the disc in relation to the hub.
The splines on the brake disc and hub are connected via an air gap. The air gap helps reduce heat conduction from the brake disc to the hub. The present invention addresses problems of noise, heat, and retraction of brake discs at the release of the brake. It also addresses issues with skewing and dragging. If you’re unsure whether this type of mounting interface is right for you, consult your mechanic.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helix-splined may be used in conjunction with other components of a wheel. They are particularly useful in disc brake mounting interfaces for hub-to-hub assemblies. The spacer elements, which are preferably located circumferentially, provide substantially the same function no matter how the brake disc rotates. Preferably, 3 spacer elements are located around the brake disc. Each of these spacer elements has equal clearance between the splines of the brake disc and the hub.
Spacer elements 6 include a helical spring portion 6.1 and extensions in tangential directions that terminate in hooks 6.4. These hooks abut against the brake disc 1 in both directions. The helical spring portion 5.1 and 6.1 have stiffness enough to absorb radial impacts. The spacer elements are arranged around the circumference of the intermeshing zone.
A helical splined disc mount includes a stabilizing element formed as a helical spring. The helical spring extends to the disc’s splines and teeth. The ends of the extension extend in opposite directions, while brackets at each end engage with the disc’s splines and teeth. This stabilizing element is positioned axially over the disc’s width.
Helical splined disc brake mounting interfaces are popular in bicycles and road bicycles. They’re a reliable, durable way to mount your brakes. Splines are widely used in aerospace, and have a higher fatigue life and reliability. The interfaces between the splined disc brake and BB spindle are made from aluminum and acetate.
As the splined hub mounts the disc in a helical fashion, the spring wire and disc 2 will be positioned in close contact. As the spring wire contacts the disc, it creates friction forces that are evenly distributed throughout the disc. This allows for a wide range of axial motion. Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helical splined have higher strength and stiffness than their counterparts.
Disc brake mounting interfaces that are helically splined can have a wide range of splined surfaces. The splined surfaces are the most common type of disc brake mounting interfaces. They are typically made of stainless steel or aluminum and can be used for a variety of applications. However, a splined disc mount will not support a disc with an oversized brake caliper.